Terms and condition
1. This website can be accessed at www.laceys.co.za
and related mobi-sites and software applications (the “Website”) and is owned and operated by New
Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s. (“New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s”, “we”,
“us” and “our”).
2. These Website Terms and Conditions (“Terms and
Conditions”) govern the ordering, sale and delivery of Goods, and the use of the Website.
Terms and Conditions are binding and enforceable against every person that accesses or uses this Website (“you”,
“your” or “user”), including without limitation each user who registers as
contemplated below (“registered user”). By using the Website and by clicking on the
“Register Now” button on the Website, as may be applicable, you acknowledge that you have read and agree to be
bound by these Terms and Conditions.
4. The Website enables you to shop online for an extensive
range of New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s.
2. Important Notice
1. These Terms and Conditions apply to users who are consumers for purposes of the Consumer Protection Act, 68 of
2008 (the “CPA”).
2. These Terms and Conditions contain provisions that appear in
similar text and style to this clause and which -
1. may limit the risk or liability of New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s or a
third party; and/or
2. may create risk or liability for the user; and/or
serves as an acknowledgement, by the user, of a fact.
3. Your attention is drawn to these Terms and
Conditions because they are important and should be carefully noted.
4. If there is any provision in these Terms
and Conditions that you do not understand, it is your responsibility to ask New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s to
explain it to you before you accept the Terms and Conditions or continue using the WebsiteNothing in these Terms and
Conditions is intended or must be understood to unlawfully restrict, limit or avoid any right or obligation, as the
case may be, created for either you or New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s in terms of the CPA.
5. New Lacey’s
promotions t/a Lacey’s permits the use of this Website subject to the Terms and Conditions. By using this Website in
any way, you shall be deemed to have accepted all the Terms and Conditions unconditionally. You must not use this
Website if you do not agree to the Terms and Conditions.
6. These Terms and Conditions are divided into three
sections, as follows:
1. Part A – Orders and Sales;
3. Part C – General Legal Terms.
1. Please refer to our Returns Policy for more information about cancelling orders after
delivery, and about returns (and related refunds, replacements or repairs). The Returns Policy is incorporated by
reference (which means that it forms part of these Terms and Conditions).
4. Registration and use of the website
1. Only registered users may order Goods on the Website.
2. To register as a user, you
must provide a unique username and password and provide certain information and personal details to New Lacey’s
promotions t/a Lacey’s. You will need to use your unique username and password to access the Website in order to
3. You agree and warrant that your username and password shall:
1. be used for personal use
2. not be disclosed by you to any third party.
4. For security purposes you agree to enter the
correct username and password whenever ordering Goods, failing which you will be denied access.
agree that, once the correct username and password relating to your account have been entered, irrespective of
whether the use of the username and password is unauthorised or fraudulent, you will be liable for payment of
such order, save where the order is cancelled by you in accordance with these Terms and Conditions.
You agree to notify New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s immediately upon becoming aware of or reasonably suspecting
any unauthorised access to or use of your username and password and to take steps to mitigate any resultant loss or
7. By using the Website you warrant that you are 18 (eighteen) years of age or older and of full
legal capacity. If you are under the age of 18 (eighteen) or if you are not legally permitted to enter into a
binding agreement, then you may use the Website only with the involvement and supervision of your parent or
legal guardian. If your parent or legal guardian supervises you and gives his/her consent, then such person
agrees to be bound to these Terms and Conditions and to be liable and responsible for you and all your
obligations under these Terms and Conditions.
8. You agree that you will not in any way use any
device, software or other instrument to interfere or attempt to interfere with the proper working of the Website. In
addition, you agree that you will not in any way use any robot, spider, other automatic device, or manual process to
monitor, copy, distribute or modify the Website or the information contained herein, without the prior written
consent from an authorized New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s representative (such consent is deemed given for
standard search engine technology employed by Internet search websites to direct Internet users to this
9. You may not use the Website to distribute material which is defamatory, offensive, contains or
amounts to hate speech or is otherwise unlawful.
10. You may not in any way display, publish, copy, print, post
or otherwise use the Website and/or the information contained therein without the express prior written consent of
an authorized New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s representative.
5. Conclusion of sales and availability of stock
1. Registered users may place orders for Goods, which New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s
or the Third Party Seller may accept or reject. Whether or not New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s accepts an order
depends on the availability of Goods, correctness of the information relating to the Goods (including without
limitation the price) and receipt of payment or payment authorization by New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s for the
2. NOTE: New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s will indicate the acceptance of your order by
delivering the Goods to you or allowing you to collect them, and only at that point will an agreement of sale
between you and New Lacey’s promotions t/a come into effect (the “Sale”). This is regardless of any
communication from New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s stating that your order or payment has been confirmed. New
Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s will indicate the rejection of your order (by New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s
itself) by cancelling it and, as soon as possible thereafter, refunding you for any amount already
3. Prior to delivery or your collection of the Goods, you may cancel an order at any time
provided you do so before receiving a dispatch or delivery notice. After delivery or your collection of the Goods,
you may cancel the Sale only in accordance with the Returns Policy.
4. Placing Goods in a wishlist or shopping
basket without completing the purchase cycle does not constitute an order for such Goods, and as such, Goods may be
removed from the shopping basket if stock is no longer available or the price thereof might change without notice to
you. You cannot hold New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s liable if such Goods are not available or are not available
at the particular price when you complete or attempt to complete the purchase cycle at a later stage.
You acknowledge that stock of all Goods on offer is limited and that pricing may change at any time without
notice to you. In the case of Goods for sale by New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s, New Lacey’s promotions t/a
Lacey’s will take all reasonable efforts to monitor stock levels and ensure that when stock is no longer
available, that offers thereof are discontinued on the Website. However, we cannot guarantee the availability of
stock. When Goods are no longer available after placing an order, New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s will notify
you and you will be entitled to a refund of the amount paid by you for such Goods.
the case of Goods for sale by a Third Party Seller, New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s relies on inventory
information supplied by the relevant Third Party Seller and New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s accordingly bears
no liability for any inaccuracies in the information supplied to it. Consequently, should you order any Goods
from a Third Party Seller which are in fact sold-out, any resulting dispute should be resolved between you and
the relevant Third Party Seller, your respective rights and obligations being as set out in these Terms and
7. Certain Goods may not be purchased for re-sale. Should we suspect that such Goods are
being purchased for this purpose, we are entitled to cancel your order immediately without notice to you.
Please see details relating to Pre-orders in our FAQ’s: Pre-Order, which are incorporated by reference.
1. We are committed to providing secure online payment facilities. All transactions
are encrypted using appropriate encryption technology.
2. Whether the Goods are for sale by New Lacey’s
promotions t/a, payment can be made for Goods via -
1. debit card;
2. credit card: where payment is made by credit card, we may require
additional information in order to authorise and/or verify the validity of payment. In such cases we reserve the
right to withhold delivery until such time as the additional information is received by us and authorisation is
obtained by us for the amounts. If we do not receive authorisation your order for the Goods will be
cancelled. You warrant that you are fully authorised to use the credit card supplied for purposes of paying
the Goods. You also warrant that your credit card has sufficient available funds to cover all the costs incurred
as a result of the services used on the Website;
3. direct bank deposit or electronic funds
transfer: if you pay via direct bank deposit or electronic funds transfer, payment must be made within 5 (five) days
of placing your order. New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s will not accept your order if payment has not been
4. Instant EFT;
3. The above payment options are explained in more detail in our Frequently Asked
Questions (“FAQ”): Payment, which are incorporated by reference.
4. You may contact us via email
at firstname.lastname@example.org to obtain a full record of your payment. We will also send you email communications about your
order and payment.
5. Once you have selected your payment method and you accept these Terms and Conditions, you
will be directed to a link to a secure site for payment of the applicable purchase price for the Goods.
7. Delivery of goods
1. New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s offers 1 (one) methods of delivery of Goods to you.
2. Please see details of our delivery and shipping terms and conditions in our FAQ’s: Shipping and
Delivery, which are incorporated by reference.
3. Where it accepts your order, New Lacey’s promotions t/a will
deliver the Goods to you as soon as reasonably possible, but no later than 30 (thirty) days of receipt of your
payment (“Delivery Period”). We will notify you if we are unable to deliver the Goods during the Delivery Period.
You may then, within 7 (seven) days of receiving such notification elect whether or not to cancel your order for the
Goods. If you elect to cancel your order, we will reimburse you for the purchase price.
4. New Lacey’s
promotions t/a Lacey’s obligation to deliver a product to you is fulfilled when we deliver the product to the
physical address nominated by you for delivery of the order. New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s is not
responsible for any loss or unauthorised use of a product, after it has delivered the product to the physical
address nominated by you.
We shall take all reasonable efforts to accurately reflect the description, availability, purchase price and
delivery charges of Goods on the Website. However, should there be any errors of whatsoever nature on the Website
(which are not due to our gross negligence), we shall not be liable for any loss, claim or expense relating to a
transaction based on any error, save – in the case of any incorrect purchase price – to the extent of refunding you
for any amount already paid, or otherwise as set out in the Returns Policy.
1. We respect your privacy and will take reasonable measures to protect it, as more fully
2. Should you decide to register as a user on the Website, we may require you to provide us with
personal information which includes but is not limited to -
1. your name and surname;
2. your email address;
3. your physical address;
5. your mobile number; and
6. your date of birth.
3. Should your personal information change,
please inform us and provide us with updates to your personal information as soon as reasonably possible to enable
us to update your personal information.
4. You may choose to provide additional personal information to us, in
which event you agree to provide accurate and current information, and not to impersonate or misrepresent any person
or entity or falsely state or otherwise misrepresent your affiliation with anyone or anything.
5. Subject to
clause 13.6 below, we will not, without your express consent:
1. use your personal information for any purpose other than as set out below:
1. in relation to the ordering, sale and delivery of Goods;
2. to contact you
regarding current or new Goods or services or any other goods offered by us or any of our divisions and/or partners
(unless you have opted out from receiving marketing material from us);
3. to inform you of new features, special
offers and promotional competitions offered by us or any of our divisions and/or partners (unless you have opted out
from receiving marketing material from us); and
4. to improve your experience on our Website by, inter alia,
monitoring statistical non-personal browsing habits, and to transact with us; or
2. disclose your personal information to any third party other than as set out below:
1. to our employees and/or third party service providers who assist us to interact with
you via our Website, email or any other method, for the ordering of Goods or when delivering Goods to you, and thus
need to know your personal information in order to assist us to communicate with you properly and efficiently;
to our divisions and/or partners (including their employees and/or third party service providers) in order for them
to interact directly with you via email or any other method for purposes of sending you marketing material regarding
any current or new goods or services, new features, special offers or promotional items offered by them (unless you
have opted out from receiving marketing material from us);
3. to our suppliers in order for them to liaise
directly with you in the event of you submitting a warranty claim regarding any Goods you have purchased which
requires their involvement; and
6. We are entitled to use or disclose your personal information if such use or disclosure
is required in order to comply with any applicable law, order of court or legal process served on us, or to protect
and defend our rights or property.
7. We will ensure that all of our employees, third party service providers,
divisions and partners (including their employees and third party service providers) having access to your personal
information are bound by appropriate and legally binding confidentiality and non-use obligations in relation to your
8. We will -
1. treat your personal information as strictly confidential;
2. take appropriate
technical and organisational measures to ensure that your personal information is kept secure and is protected
against unauthorised or unlawful processing, accidental loss, destruction or damage, alteration, disclosure or
3. provide you with access to your personal information to view and/or update personal details;
promptly notify you if we become aware of any unauthorised use, disclosure or processing of your personal
5. provide you with reasonable evidence of our compliance with our obligations under this policy on
reasonable notice and request; and
6. upon your request, promptly return or destroy any and all of your personal
information in our possession or control.
9. We will not retain your personal information longer than the period for which it was
originally needed, unless we are required by law to do so, or you consent to us retaining such information for a
10. New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s undertakes never to sell or make your personal
information available to any third party other than as provided for in this policy, unless we are compelled to
do so by law. In particular, in the event of a fraudulent online payment, New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s
reserves the right to disclose relevant personal information for criminal investigation purposes or in line with
any other legal obligation for disclosure of the personal information which may be required of
11. Whilst we will do all things reasonably necessary to protect your rights of privacy,
we cannot guarantee or accept any liability whatsoever for unauthorised or unlawful disclosures of your personal
information, whilst in our possession, made by third parties who are not subject to our control, unless such
disclosure is as a result of our gross negligence.
12. If you disclose your personal
information to a third party, such as an entity which operates a website linked to this Website or anyone other
than New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s, NEW LACEY’S PROMOTIONS T/A LACEY’S SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY LOSS OR
DAMAGE, HOWSOEVER ARISING, SUFFERED BY YOU AS A RESULT OF THE DISCLOSURE OF SUCH INFORMATION TO THE THIRD PARTY.
This is because we do not regulate or control how that third party uses your personal information. You should
10. Changes to these Terms and Conditions
1. New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s may, in its sole discretion, change any of these
Terms and Conditions at any time. It is your responsibility to regularly check these Terms and Conditions and make
sure that you are satisfied with the changes. Should you not be satisfied, you must not place any further orders on,
or in any other way use, the Website.
2. Any such change will only apply to your use of this Website after the
change is displayed on the Website. If you use the Website after such amended Terms and Conditions have been
displayed on the Website, you will be deemed to have accepted such changes.
11. Electronic communications
1. When you visit the Website or send emails to us, you consent to receiving
set out in clause 13 above.
12. Ownership and copyright
1. The contents of the Website, including any material, information, data, software,
icons, text, graphics, lay-outs, images, sound clips, advertisements, video clips, trade names, logos, trade-marks,
designs and service marks which are displayed on or incorporated in this Website (“Website Content”)
are protected by law, including but not limited to copyright and trade mark law. The Website Content is the property
of New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s, its advertisers and/or sponsors and/or is licensed to New Lacey’s promotions
2. You will not acquire any right, title or interest in or to the Website or the Website
3. Any use, distribution or reproduction of the Website Content is prohibited unless expressly
authorised in terms of these Terms and Conditions or otherwise provided for in law. To obtain permissions for the
commercial use of any Website Content contact our customer care on 0879402599 or e-mail email@example.com
Where any of the Website Content has been licensed to New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s or belongs to any third
party, your rights of use will also be subject to any terms and conditions which that licensor or third party
imposes from time to time and you agree to comply with such third party terms and conditions.
1. The use of the Website is entirely at your own risk and you assume full
responsibility for any risk or loss resulting from use of the Website or reliance on any information on the
2. Whilst New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s takes reasonable measures to ensure that the
content of the Website is accurate and complete, New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s makes no representations or
warranties, whether express or implied, as to the quality, timeliness, operation, integrity, availability or
functionality of the Website or as to the accuracy, completeness or reliability of any information on the
3. New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s disclaims liability for any damage, loss or liability,
whether direct, indirect or consequential in nature, arising out of or in connection with your access to or use
of the Website and/or any content therein unless otherwise provided by law.
Goods sold from the Website may, under certain specifically defined circumstances, be under warranty, the
Website itself and all information provided on the Website is provided “as is” without warranty of any kind,
either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for
a particular purpose, completeness, or non-infringement, as may be allowed in law.
5. Any views or
statements made or expressed on the Website are not necessarily the views of New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s, its
directors, employees and/or agents.
6. In addition to the disclaimers contained elsewhere in these Terms
and Conditions, New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s also makes no warranty or representation, whether express or
implied, that the information or files available on the Website are free of viruses, spyware, malware, trojans,
destructive materials or any other data or code which is able to corrupt, destroy, compromise, disrupt, disable,
harm, jeopardise or otherwise impede in any manner the operation, stability, security functionality or content
of your computer system, computer network, hardware or software in any way. You accept all risk associated with
the existence of such viruses, destructive materials or any other data or code which is able to corrupt,
compromise, jeopardise, disrupt, disable, harm or otherwise impede in any manner the operation or content of a
computer system, computer network, any handset or mobile device, or your hardware or software, save where such
risks arise due to the gross negligence or wilful misconduct of New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s, its
employees, agents or authorised representatives. New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s thus disclaims all liability
for any damage, loss or liability of any nature whatsoever arising out of or in in connection with your access
to or use of the Website.
14. Linking to third party websites
1. This Website may contain links or references to other websites (“Third Party Websites”) which
are outside of our control, including those of advertisers. These Terms and Conditions do not apply to those Third
Party Websites and New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s is not responsible for the practices and/or privacy policies
of those Third Party Websites or the “cookies” that those sites may use.
2. Notwithstanding the fact that
the Website may refer to or provide links to Third Party Websites, your use of such Third Party Websites is
entirely at your own risk and we are not responsible for any loss, expense, claim or damage, whether direct,
indirect or consequential, arising from your use of such Third Party Websites or your reliance on any
information contained thereon.
15. Limitation of liability
1. New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s cannot be held liable for any inaccurate information published on
the Website and/or any incorrect prices displayed on the Website, save where such liability arises from the gross
negligence or wilful misconduct of New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s, its employees, agents or authorised
representatives. You are encouraged to contact us to report any possible malfunctions or errors by way of email to
info@New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s.com or by contacting 0861222989.
2. NEW LACEY’S
PROMOTIONS T/A LACEY’S SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL LOSS OR
DAMAGES WHICH MIGHT ARISE FROM YOUR USE OF, OR RELIANCE UPON, THE WEBSITE OR THE CONTENT CONTAINED IN THE WEBSITE;
OR YOUR INABILITY TO USE THE WEBSITE, AND/OR UNLAWFUL ACTIVITY ON THE WEBSITE AND/OR ANY LINKED THIRD PARTY
3. YOU HEREBY INDEMNIFY NEW LACEY’S PROMOTIONS T/A LACEY’S AGAINST ANY LOSS, CLAIM OR
DAMAGE WHICH MAY BE SUFFERED BY YOURSELF OR ANY THIRD PARTY ARISING IN ANY WAY FROM YOUR USE OF THIS WEBSITE AND/OR
ANY LINKED THIRD PARTY WEBSITE.
16. Availability and termination
1. We will use reasonable endeavours to maintain the availability of the Website, except
during scheduled maintenance periods, and reserve the right to discontinue providing the Website or any part thereof
with or without notice to you.
2. New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s may in its sole discretion
terminate, suspend and modify this Website, with or without notice to you. You agree that New Lacey’s promotions
t/a Lacey’s will not be liable to you in the event that it chooses to suspend, modify or terminate this Website
other than for processing any orders made by you prior to such time, to the extent
3. If you fail to comply with your obligations under these Terms and Conditions,
including any incident involving payment of the price of an order for any Goods, this may (in our sole
discretion with or without notice to you) lead to a suspension and/or termination of your access to the Website
without any prejudice to any claims for damages or otherwise that we may have against you.
New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s reserves the right, for purposes of preventing suspected fraud and/or where
it suspects that you are abusing the Website and/or have created multiple user profiles to take advantage of a
promotion or Coupon intended by New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s to be used once-off by you, to blacklist you
on its database (including suspending or terminating your access to the Website), refuse to accept or process
payment on any order, and/or to cancel any order concluded between you and New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s,
in whole or in part, on notice to you. New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s shall only be liable to refund monies
already paid by you (see New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s Returns Policy in this regard), and accepts no other
liability which may arise as a result of such blacklisting and/or refusal to process any order.
At any time, you can choose to stop using the Website, with or without notice to New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s.
17. Governing law and jurisdiction
1. These Terms and Conditions and our relationship and/or any dispute arising from or in
connection with these Terms and Conditions shall be governed and interpreted in accordance with the laws of the
Republic of South Africa. Your continued use of the Website will constitute your consent and submission to the
jurisdiction of the South African courts regarding all proceedings, transactions, applications or the like
instituted by either party against the other, arising from any of these Terms and Conditions.
2. In the event of
any dispute arising between you and New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s, you hereby consent to the non-exclusive
jurisdiction of the High Court of the Republic of South Africa (Western Cape Division, Cape Town) notwithstanding
that the quantum in the action or proceedings may otherwise fall below the monetary jurisdiction of that court.
Nothing in this clause 21or the Terms and Conditions limits your right to approach any court, tribunal or forum of
competent jurisdiction in terms of the CPA.
1. New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s hereby selects 29 Shepstone road New Germany Kwa
Zulu Natal as its address for the service of all formal notices and legal processes in connection with these Terms
and Conditions (“legal address”). New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s may change this address from time to time by
updating these Terms and Conditions.
2. You hereby select the delivery address specified with your order as your
legal address, but you may change it to any other physical address by giving New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s not
less than 7 days’ notice in writing.
3. Notices must be sent either by hand, prepaid registered post, telefax or
email and must be in English. All notices sent -
1. by hand will be deemed to have been received on the date of
2. by prepaid registered post, will be deemed to have been received 10 days after the date of
3. by email will be deemed to have been on the date indicated in the “Read Receipt” notification.
ALL EMAIL COMMUNICATIONS BETWEEN YOU AND US MUST MAKE USE OF THE “READ RECEIPT” FUNCTION to serve
as proof that an email has been received.
1. For the purposes of the ECT Act, New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s information is as
follows, which should be read in conjunction with its product descriptions and other terms and conditions contained
on the Website:
1. Full name: New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s with registration
2. Physical address for receipt of legal service (also postal and street
address): 29 Shepstone road New Germany 3620 (marked for attention: CEO)
number: 031 705 1055
4. Official email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
1. New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s may, in its sole discretion, at any time and for
any reason and without prior written notice, suspend or terminate the operation of the Website or the user’s right
to use the Website or any of its contents subject to us processing any orders then already made by you.
may not cede, assign or otherwise transfer your rights and obligations in terms of these Terms and Conditions to any
3. Any failure on the part of you or New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s to enforce any right in
terms hereof shall not constitute a waiver of that right.
4. If any term or condition contained herein is
declared invalid, the remaining terms and conditions will remain in full force and effect.
5. No variation,
addition, deletion, or agreed cancellation of the Terms and Conditions will be of any force or effect unless in
writing and accepted by or on behalf of the parties hereto.
6. No indulgence, extension of time, relaxation or
latitude which any party (the “grantor”) may show grant or allow to the other (the
“grantee”) shall constitute a waiver by the grantor of any of the grantor’s rights and the grantor
shall not thereby be prejudiced or stopped from exercising any of its rights against the grantee which may have
arisen in the past or which might arise in the future.
7. These Terms and Conditions contain the whole agreement
between you and New Lacey’s promotions t/a Lacey’s and no other warranty or undertaking is valid, unless contained
in this document between the parties.